What are occupational hazards at work and what are they?

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What are occupational hazards at work and what are they?

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Preventing employees from any function that poses risks to their health and well-being is one of the greatest responsibilities of companies today. Occupational risks at work are understood to mean all dangerous situations in which the contracted person is exposed and which is part of the function that he will assume.

In this context, the company has an obligation to provide support, in accordance with the regulatory standards of the Ministry of Labor, offering the greatest possible security so that the employee performs his / her function and is not exposed to risks that can be avoided by safety equipment, and training. constant.

The Ministry of Labor, moreover, has a classification for each of the occupational risks and separates by: physical, chemical, biological, ergonomic or accidental, which are divided into two groups, operational (risks related to accidents), behavioral or environmental (physical, ergonomic, chemical and biological).

Occupational risks at work have a complete influence on the day-to-day of the company and on satisfactory results, since a worker who feels safe and supported tends to feel more secure and effective when performing his job. With this, it is possible to reduce the causes of accidents, proposing new preventive measures and which completely depends on the performance of the team and people manager to be able to solve the problems and map any type of occurrence.

What are the types of occupational hazards at work?

Within the companies there are 5 types of occurrences that have been delimited so that she has control over the problems and is able to trace paths that guarantee the safety of the employee and classify the risks by physical, chemical, biological, ergonomic and accidents.

Offer the greatest possible security so that the employee can perform his / her function and exempt himself from risks that can be avoided by safety equipment, and constant training.

Physical risks

Considered from group 1, physical risks are related to factors such as cold, heat, humidity, abnormal pressures, ionizing radiation, in addition to vibrations and noise to which employees are exposed.

Identifying the risk factors for your employee is essential to avoid any future harm in relation to your health and well-being. For this reason, numerous security measures need to be part of the company's reality and adopted for any of the items mentioned above.

Protective equipment, for example, in cases where the employee is exposed to extreme noise, for a long time of exposure. Planning and giving all support to preserve your hearing health, in this specific case, minimizes occupational risks in the work to be performed.

Chemical hazards

The emission of gases, dust, vapors and any type of substance exhaled through the air falls into the category of chemical hazards. Before exposing the employee to toxic materials or any agent that may affect their health in any way, it is necessary to pay attention to special care such as forms of contact, time of exposure to substances, toxicity and other issues.

Thus, it is possible to calculate the dangers and offer equipment that neutralize and provide all the support so that the occupational risks of that particular function do not harm the employee's well-being.

Biological hazards

In the third group of occupational risks at work are biological risks, which are linked to the employee's exposure to viruses, fungi, bacteria, microorganisms, and any other biological extract. When talking about biological risk, the universe needs to be even broader, not using only individual but also collective security measures.

This criterion is given, therefore, the groups exposed to this type of risk need to be preserved from any type of contamination or to handle any agent that proliferates and is harmful to health and the environment.

Any type of risky function requires a high degree of unhealthiness, and we can take into account work with patients who live in isolation, contact and exposure to materials that have not been sterilized or that are organic waste.

Ergonomic risks

Ergonomic risks are classified as those that put the employee in front of long working hours, in situations that generate physical stress or even when inadequate postures are required from the employee.

An ergonomic report, which consists of a document with measures and situations that offer comfort and well-being to employees who carry out the proposed work activities, can be a way of correcting and adapting the employee to a situation in which he performs his function, way that minimizes occupational risks at work. Professionals involved in people management must always measure the benefits of adjustments and corrections that ergonomics can bring to the employee's reality.

Accident risks

Accidents do happen, but most of them can be avoided. Accident risks fall into a category of occupational hazards at work, which relate to exposed and open wires and sockets, lighting that is completely unsuitable for work, impromptu or unsuitable tools and many other dangerous situations that can bring serious problems to well-being of its employees.

In this topic, the company has some mandatory responsibilities, such as correcting the employee who has been instructed, but who is still following with dangerous activities and also with preventive measures through constant training that make the employee well oriented and follow a good conduct before their function.

Accident at Work: Know all the rights of the worker. Access the link!

Many functions are composed of risks and many of them cannot be eliminated completely, however, company managers need to keep in mind the need to work to the limit to be able to minimize any exposure of their employees to danger as much as possible. Occupational hazards at work are delicate situations that can lead to serious accidents, illnesses and even death. Much of the risk can be avoided if companies commit to the employee's well-being and health.

It is necessary to plan strategically with safety items at work and training for teams in the use of protective equipment and accident prevention. Committing to the employee's needs and showing how important he is is the first step in meeting the needs of occupational hazards at work.

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