What are the types of work schedules?

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What are the types of work schedules?

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Do you know all types of work schedules authorized by CLT?

The scale exists so that workers can perform their duties in a manner consistent with their activities and professions. Therefore, it is extremely important that companies keep an eye on this, avoiding problems such as unhealthy work, physical and mental exhaustion of the employee, among others.

Basically, exist 6 types of work schedules allowed, each following its own set of rules:

  • Scales of days: 5 × 1, 5 × 2 and 6 × 1;
  • Hour scales: 12 × 36, 18 × 38, 24 × 48.

Do you want to understand how each scale works to organize them within your business? So be sure to read this post to the end!

The 6 main types of work schedules

The work schedule defines the amount of time that each professional must work in the company, varying according to the different positions and functions.

To guarantee a fair workload for professionals, it is essential that employees managers have knowledge about how each scale works. Shall we know what types of scales are allowed by the CLT?

1. 5 × 1 scale

The 5 × 1 scale means that, every 5 days worked, the employee must have 1 day off.

In this case, there is no fixed day for rest, varying according to the agreement between the company and the employee. According to the CLT, the working day must not exceed 8 hours a day (or 44 hours a week). Therefore, on the 5 × 1 scale, the maximum duration of work should be 7 hours and 20 minutes.

The use of the 5 × 1 is more suitable for companies that need to work every day. Any type of business in which human interaction is mandatory for the service to be completed. This scale is generally used more in branches such as telemarketing.

2. 5 × 2 scale

This is the most common type of scale in the job market. Here the professional works 5 days a week and rests 2 days, which can be consecutive or not.

This journey needs to add up to a maximum of 8 hours and 48 minutes of daily work. If the employee does extra hour and work on days off, the amount of wages on those days must be paid twice.

According to the CLT, it is necessary for an employee to be out of the workplace for 11 consecutive hours. That is, it is necessary that 11 hours elapse between one workday and another.

3. 6 × 1 scale

On the 6 × 1 scale, the employee works 6 days and takes a break. Generally, in this type of journey the employee rests alternately (Saturday, Sunday or Monday), depending on the type of company or establishment.

However, CLT says that companies must mandatorily set 1 Sunday every 7 weeks. The company that does not comply with this rule could be penalized.

But for those who serve the 6 × 1 scale? It is more common in certain segments, such as:

  • Restaurants, bakeries and markets;
  • Street shops and shopping centers;
  • Safety;
  • Telephony;
  • Public transportation.

4. 12 × 36 scale

In this type of work schedule, the journey is counted in hours, not days. THE every 12 hours (in a row) of work, the employee rests 36.

It is more used in activities that cannot be interrupted, such as factories, industries, safety, health and others. Companies need to be aware of the 12 × 36 scale. Although it allows greater flexibility in the workforce, it can also be a more exhausting.

5. 18 × 36 scale

This work scheme works in the same way as 12 × 36. THE every 18 hours of work, the employee needs to rest for the next 36 hours.

It is mostly used in activities that require long hours of performance without interruption. Because it is very exhaustive, the 12 × 36 scale is valid only in exceptional character.

Therefore, this must be adjusted by means of a collective bargaining agreement, to also ensure double pay during public holidays.

6. 24 × 48 scale

Only very specific activities work on the 24 × 48 scale, because this type of scale requires a strong physical and mental preparation.

After all, not everyone is able to spend 24 hours straight working, taking only a few breaks rest!

Therefore, the main activities that usually operate on this type of scale are:

  • Firemen;
  • Health professionals;
  • Watchers;
  • Cops;
  • Toll collectors, among others.

An important reminder: the employee who works on this scale exercises 48 hours a week. Therefore, those extra 4 hours should be counted as overtime.

Now that you've understood about each type of work schedule, it's time to get valuable tips on how to organize it all. Keep following!

How to organize scales in companies?

Do you know what are the main mistakes made by companies when setting up a scale? If you avoid them all, you are already taking a big step towards excellent management!

They are basically:

  1. annotations made manually (which focuses on errors due to tiredness, lack of concentration and attention);
  2. forgetting clearances and breaks;
  3. disregard of the limits of each day;
  4. do not schedule scales in advance.

In addition to avoiding the above errors, it is necessary for the HR sector to know how to organize efficiently the scales of work!

Therefore, we bring 3 fundamental tips to help you in this process. Check out:

Point control

The only way to know if everything is being accomplished is to record the employees' individual hours. And for that, it is necessary to look for a good system.

Currently, the electronic dot it is the safest and most reliable way of making appointments. The reading is done by means of a magnetic card or biometrics, and the data is stored in the equipment's memory. He also issues a printed receipt, which serves as a guarantee for the worker himself.

Stay tuned, as the check Point it is mandatory for establishments with more than 20 employees.

Worksheet

Spreadsheets are also good allies in controlling scales. Using ready-made formulas, all you have to do is insert the data of the collaborators so that the document shows the days of work and time off.

Companies that do not have many employees may end up preferring this type of control. To use it, you must first analyze how many employees your company has. Will human resources have time to check and close all sheets in time?

Management software

Now, if you really want to facilitate the management of scales, it is better to look for a safe and integrated system. From it, you can manage it much faster, facilitating day-to-day human resources and reducing costs style=”font-weight: 400;”>!

On the market, there are softwares that allow functions such as remote approval of devices for registration, time bank, payroll closing, offline point registration, among others.

Even aware of all of this, it is important to keep up to date on the main market trends and any changes in the law.

Do not you agree? That's what we'll see in the next topic!

What changes with the 2018 labor reform?

THE Labor Reform it is a set of new rules created by the government, in order to update and reformulate the CLT. So, are we going to see some of the main changes in the law regarding scales?

Before the labor reform, there was nothing in the CLT to regulate the 12 × 36 day. With the approval of Law No. 13,467 / 2017, the 12 × 36 journey has been expanded to all categories and can be carried out by means of an individual written agreement.

To resume, a law or collective bargaining was necessary. From the labor reform, it is possible to establish the 12 × 36 day also by individual contract, provided it is written!

Other change in law it concerns rest. Before, the employee who worked for more than 6 hours a day was entitled to a minimum of 1 hour and a maximum of 2 hours of break (lunch time). This interval can now be negotiated, as long as it has at least 30 minutes.

And when the worker is late?

The law says that:

“Time variations of the point record not exceeding five minutes will not be discounted or counted as an extraordinary day, subject to the maximum limit of ten minutes per day.

Whatever the scale of work, every worker is entitled to 24 consecutive hours (at least) of weekly rest!

We saw that there are 6 types of work schedules authorized by law, divided between schedules per day and hours. Each of them is focused on certain types of activities, and it is up to the managers of the company to analyze what is most suitable for your employees.

If you want to efficiently organize your employees' work schedules, follow all the rules explained above. Also, look for systems and equipment that optimize time control. You no longer have to waste time writing down each piece of information.

Nowadays, the company that does not modernize ends up losing space to the competition and having unnecessary expenses! So be sure to update your business processes!

Do you want to stay on top of the main HR news and trends? Then we invite you to subscribe to our newsletter!

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